Legionnaires' disease is a lung infection. It is a form of pneumonia . It got its name from an outbreak at the American Legionnaires Convention in 1976.
This disease is caused by specific bacteria. The bacteria are most often found in sources of standing water. It may be found in cooling towers, HVAC systems, and air conditioners.
Legionnaires' disease can be contracted by breathing water vapor from a standing water source that contains the bacteria.
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
The infection does not move from one person to another.
Factors that may increase your chance of Legionnaires' disease include:
- Advanced age
- Chronic lung disease
- Weakened immune system
- Kidney failure
- Taking cortisone or other immunosuppressive drugs
- History of organ transplant
Symptoms may include:
- Fever (often high)
- Chills and muscle aches
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Your doctor may need pictures of your chest. This can be done with a chest x-ray .
Your doctor may need tests of your bodily fluids. This can be done with:
- Urine tests
- Sputum tests
- Blood tests
This disease is usually treated with antibiotics.
Proper design, maintenance, and cleaning of high-risk areas can reduce the risk of spreading the disease. This includes any area with standing water.
- David L. Horn, MD
- Reviewed: 02/2016
- Updated: 05/02/2014
Please note, not all procedures included in this resource library are available at Allegiance Health or performed by Allegiance Health physicians.
All EBSCO Publishing proprietary, consumer health and medical information found on this site is accredited by URAC. URAC's Health Web Site Accreditation Program requires compliance with 53 rigorous standards of quality and accountability, verified by independent audits. To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at HLEditorialTeam@ebscohost.com.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.