Apoplexy is bleeding into a cavity or organ. There are various forms of apoplexy, including:
- Adrenal apoplexy—bleeding into adrenal glands
- Pituitary apoplexy—bleeding into the pituitary gland
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Apoplexy may be caused by:
- Tumor growth
- Hormonal imbalance
- Blood clot
- Acute illness
- Drastic changes in blood volume or blood pressure
- Blood clotting disorders
Factors that increase your chance of developing apoplexy include:
- Hormonal insufficiency
- Previous surgery
- Bleeding disorders
- Sheehan's syndrome—severe blood loss during childbirth
Symptoms may include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Abdominal pain
- Bluish skin color
- Loss of vision
- Double vision
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with:
- Blood tests
- Urine tests
Images may be taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with:
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Initial treatment will be done to stabilize you. After you have been stabilized, treatment options will be chosen based on the cause and location of your apoplexy. Options include:
- Medications—to correct hormonal imbalances
- Surgery—tumor removal if the tumor is the cause
There is no known way to prevent apoplexy.
- Kim Carmichael, MD
- Reviewed: 05/2014
- Updated: 06/04/2014
Please note, not all procedures included in this resource library are available at Allegiance Health or performed by Allegiance Health physicians.
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