Hypernatremia is when there is too much sodium in the body. It may be serious and requires care from your doctor.
Hypernatremia happens when there is an imbalance in the amount of water and sodium in the body—too little water, too much sodium.
The main cause of hypernatremia is having more water leave your body than enter it. This causes dehydration . A person can become dehydrated in different ways, such as:
- Drinking too little fluids
- Excessive sweating
Factors that may increase your chance of hypernatremia include:
Hypernatremia may cause:
- Being thirsty
- Dry mouth
- Muscle weakness or muscle cramps
- Decreased urination
- Weight loss
- Muscle twitching
Untreated hypernatremia can be fatal.
|Dry mouth is a symptom of hypernatremia.|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. You will be asked about your fluid intake and urine output. A physical exam will be done.
Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with:
- Blood tests
- Urine tests
Liquids can be given by mouth or IV to balance the fluids in your body. The fluid will contain a specific concentration of water, sugar, and sodium. Reintroducing fluids slowly into your body will lower the sodium to a normal level. Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you.
You may also be given medication to treat nausea.
To help reduce your chance of getting hypernatremia:
- Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of the fluids
- Work with your doctor to manage any health conditions
- Michael Woods, MD
- Reviewed: 12/2014
- Updated: 12/20/2014
Please note, not all procedures included in this resource library are available at Allegiance Health or performed by Allegiance Health physicians.
All EBSCO Publishing proprietary, consumer health and medical information found on this site is accredited by URAC. URAC's Health Web Site Accreditation Program requires compliance with 53 rigorous standards of quality and accountability, verified by independent audits. To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at HLEditorialTeam@ebscohost.com.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.