Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Repair


A thoracic aortic aneurysm repair is a surgery to fix a problem in the aorta. The aorta is the largest blood vessel in the body. It starts at the heart and passes down through the chest and abdomen. The thoracic aorta is the part of the aorta in the chest. The aorta carries blood from the heart to blood vessels that supply the lower body.

This is a major surgery.

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Reasons for Procedure

This surgery may be needed if you have an aneurysm of the aorta . An aneurysm is a weakened area of the blood vessel. It can cause the blood vessel to bulge out. A large aneurysm may burst and cause severe bleeding.

Possible Complications

Your doctor will review potential problems, like:

  • Adverse reaction to anesthesia, such as lightheadedness, low blood pressure, and wheezing
  • Soreness in throat
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Infection
  • Excess bleeding
  • Irregular heart rhythm
  • Kidney damage if blood flow is blocked
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Paralysis if the spinal cord is damaged

Smoking and heavy alcohol use may increase the risk of problems.

Talk to your doctor about these risks before the procedure.

What to Expect

Prior to Procedure

Before surgery, your doctor may ask for:

  • Tests of your lung function

Your doctor may also ask you to:

  • Stop eating or drinking anything after midnight the night before your surgery.
  • Stop taking some medications up to 1 week before the procedure.

Let your doctor know about any medications or supplements you may be taking.


General anesthesia will be used. It will block pain and keep you asleep during the surgery.

Description of the Procedure

The surgeon will make an incision in your chest. Clamps will be placed on the aorta above and below the aneurysm. The damaged part of the aorta will be removed. A graft will replace the damaged part of the aorta. The graft is a type of man-made tube. It will be stitched into place. Blood will be able to flow through the graft. When the aorta is repaired, the clamps will be removed. Your doctor will look for any leaks.

If you need additional heart surgery, it may be done at this time. The chest incision will then be closed with stitches or staples

Immediately After Procedure

After the operation, you will be taken to the recovery room. Your heart, blood pressure and other vital signs will be monitored.

How Long Will It Take?

2-4 hours

How Much Will It Hurt?

Anesthesia prevents pain during surgery. You will be given pain medication to help manage pain during recovery.

Average Hospital Stay

The usual length of stay is 7 days. If you have any problems, you may need to stay longer.

Post-procedure Care

At the Hospital

The hospital staff may:

The hospital staff may:

  • Provide you with medication and nutrition through an IV.
  • Ask you to take deep breaths and cough to prevent mucus from collecting in your lungs.
  • Ask you to walk down the hall when you are able.
  • Ask you to drink liquids until you can tolerate more solid foods.

At Home

When you return home, take these steps:

When you return home, take these steps:

  • Avoid smoking.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Follow a diet that is low in fat and includes fruits, vegetables, and whole grain foods.
  • Participate in a rehabilitation program if advised to do so by your doctor.
  • Be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions.

Call Your Doctor

Call your doctor if any of these occur:

  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge at the incision site
  • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
  • Burning, pain, or problems when urinating
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Unusual fatigue or depression
  • New, unexplained symptoms
  • Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain

If you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.


All EBSCO Publishing proprietary, consumer health and medical information found on this site is accredited by URAC. URAC's Health Web Site Accreditation Program requires compliance with 53 rigorous standards of quality and accountability, verified by independent audits. To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

Editorial Policy | Privacy Policy | Terms and Conditions | Support
Copyright © 2008 EBSCO Publishing. All rights reserved.

A headache diary can help you identify your headache triggers, and then you and your doctor can plan how to avoid them.