This medicine is a quinolone antibiotic that treats infections and is given to people who have been exposed to anthrax.
Amerinet Choice Ciprofloxacin, Cipro IV, NovaPlus CiprofloxacinThere may be other brand names for this medicine.
When This Medicine Should Not Be Used
This medicine is not right for everyone. You should not receive this medicine if you had an allergic reaction to ciprofloxacin or similar medicines.
How to Use This Medicine
- Your doctor will prescribe your dose and schedule. This medicine is given through a needle placed in a vein.
- A nurse or other health provider will give you this medicine.
- Drink extra fluids so you will urinate more often and help prevent kidney problems.
- This medicine should come with a Medication Guide. Ask your pharmacist for a copy if you do not have one.
- Your doctor may give you a few doses of this medicine until your condition improves. Then you may be switched to an oral medicine that works the same way. Talk to your doctor if you have concerns about this.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
- Do not use this medicine together with tizanidine.
- Some medicines and foods can affect how ciprofloxacin works. Tell your doctor if you are using theophylline or a steroid medicine (such as hydrocortisone, methylprednisolone, prednisone).
- Tell your doctor knows if you are using clozapine, cyclosporine, duloxetine, lidocaine, methotrexate, olanzapine, phenytoin, probenecid, ropinirole, sildenafil, a blood thinner (such as warfarin), diabetes medicine (such as glyburide), medicine for depression, medicine for mental illness, other medicine to treat an infection, NSAID pain medicine (such as aspirin, diclofenac, ibuprofen, naproxen, celecoxib), or medicine for heart rhythm problems (such as quinidine, procainamide, amiodarone, sotalol).
- This medicine slows the digestion of caffeine, so it might affect you for longer than normal.
Warnings While Using This Medicine
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you have kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, heart disease, myasthenia gravis, or a history of heart rhythm problems (such as prolonged QT interval), seizures, or stroke. Tell your doctor if you have ever had tendon or joint problems, including rheumatoid arthritis, or if you have received a transplant.
- This medicine may cause the following problems:
- Tendinitis and tendon rupture (may happen after treatment ends)
- Liver damage
- Severe diarrhea
- Nerve damage in the arms or legs
- Heart rhythm changes
- This medicine may make you dizzy, drowsy, or lightheaded. Do not drive or do anything that could be dangerous until you know how this medicine affects you.
- Ask your doctor before you take any medicine to stop severe diarrhea.
- This medicine may make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. Wear sunscreen. Do not use sunlamps or tanning beds.
Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
- Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing
- Blistering, peeling, or red skin rash
- Change in how much or how often you urinate
- Dark-colored urine or pale stools, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, pain in your upper stomach, yellow skin or eyes
- Diarrhea that may contain blood
- Fainting, dizziness, or lightheadedness
- Fast, slow, or uneven heartbeat
- Numbness, tingling, weakness, or burning pain in your hands, arms, legs, or feet
- Pain, stiffness, swelling, or bruises around your ankle, leg, shoulder, or other joint
- Seizures, severe headache, unusual thoughts or behavior, trouble sleeping, confusion
- Unusual bleeding, bruising, or weakness
If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:
- Pain, swelling, or redness where the needle is placed