Brimonidine Tartrate (bri-MOE-ni-deen TAR-trate), Timolol Maleate (TIM-oh-lol MAL-ee-ate)
Treats increased pressure in the eye that is caused by glaucoma or hypertension of the eye.
CombiganThere may be other brand names for this medicine.
When This Medicine Should Not Be Used
Do not use this medicine if you have had an allergic reaction to brimonidine or timolol, or if you have a history of asthma, slow heartbeat, severe COPD, heart block, or heart failure. Do not give this medicine to a child younger than 2 years of age.
How to Use This Medicine
- Take your medicine as directed.
- Wash your hands with soap and water before and after using this medicine.
- Remove your contact lenses before you use this medicine. Wait at least 15 minutes before you put your contact lenses back in.
- Shake the eye drops well just before each use.
- Lie down or tilt your head back. With your index finger, pull down the lower lid of your eye to form a pocket.
- To use the eye drops: Hold the dropper close to your eye with the other hand. Drop the correct number of drops into the pocket made between your lower lid and eyeball. Gently close your eyes. Place your index finger over the inner corner of your eye for 1 minute. Do not rinse or wipe the dropper or allow it to touch anything, including your eye. Put the cap on the bottle right away. Keep the bottle upright when you are not using it.
- Wait 5 or 10 minutes after you use this medicine before you use any other medicine in your eyes (drops or ointment).
If a dose is missed:
- Take a dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then and take a regular dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.
How to Store and Dispose of This Medicine
- Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.
- Ask your pharmacist, doctor, or health caregiver about the best way to dispose of the used medicine container and any leftover medicine after you have finished your treatment. You will also need to throw away old medicine after the expiration date has passed.
- Keep all medicine out of the reach of children. Never share your medicine with anyone.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
- Make sure your doctor knows if you also use digoxin (Digitek®, Lanoxin®), quinidine (Cardioquin®, Quinaglute®), or reserpine. Tell your doctor if you use medicine to lower blood pressure (such as amlodipine, atenolol, diltiazem, hydrochlorothiazide, lisinopril, metoprolol, propranolol, quinapril, verapamil, Bystolic®, Caduet®, Cozaar®, Diovan®, Lotrel®, Tenormin®, Zestril®), medicine to treat depression (such as amitriptyline, citalopram, doxepin, fluoxetine, nortriptyline, sertraline, Elavil®, Lexapro®, Pristiq®), or an MAO inhibitor (such as Eldepryl®, Marplan®, Nardil®, Parnate®).
- Alcohol, narcotic pain relievers, or sleeping pills may cause you to feel more lightheaded, dizzy, or drowsy when used with this medicine.
Warnings While Using This Medicine
- Make sure your doctor knows if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you have blood vessel disorders (such as Raynaud phenomenon or thromboangiitis obliterans), depression, diabetes, heart disease, low blood pressure, lung disease, myasthenia gravis, overactive thyroid, or a history of stroke. Tell your doctor if you have had eye surgery or you have a history of allergies.
- If you hurt your eye, develop an eye infection, or need to have eye surgery, talk with your doctor right away. You may need to change your medicine or stop using it.
- Tell any doctor or dentist who treats you that you are using this medicine. You may need to stop using this medicine several days before you have surgery or medical tests.
- This medicine may raise or lower your blood sugar level.
- This medicine may make you drowsy. Do not drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are drowsy or not able to see well.
- Your doctor will check your progress and the effects of this medicine at regular visits. Keep all appointments.
Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
- Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing
- Blurred vision or other changes in vision
- Burning, dryness, itching, or stinging in the eyes
- Chest pain or discomfort
- Eye redness, pain, swelling of your eye or eyelid, sensitivity to light
- Rapid weight gain, swelling in your hands, ankles, or feet
- Slow, fast, or uneven heartbeat
- Trouble breathing
- Unusual tiredness or weakness
If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:
- Sleepiness or unusual drowsiness (may be more common in children)
If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088