Choroidal dystrophy is usually due to an abnormal gene, which is passed down through families. It most often affects males, starting in childhood.
The first symptoms are peripheral vision loss and vision loss at night. An eye surgeon who specializes in the back of the eye (retina specialist) can diagnose this disorder.
Signs and tests
Grover S, Fishman GA. Choroidal dystrophies. In: Yanoff M, Duker JS, eds. Ophthalmology. 3rd ed. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby Elsevier; 2008:chap 6.