This medicine is a quinolone antibiotic that treats infections and is given to people who have been exposed to anthrax.
CiproThere may be other brand names for this medicine.
When This Medicine Should Not Be Used
This medicine is not right for everyone. Do not use if you had an allergic reaction to ciprofloxacin or similar medicines.
How to Use This Medicine
Liquid, Tablet, Long Acting Tablet
- Take this medicine as directed, and take it at the same time each day.
- You may take this medicine with or without food. Do not take this medicine with only a source of calcium, such as milk, yogurt, or juice that contains added calcium. You may have foods or drinks that contain calcium as part of a larger meal.
- Swallow the tablet whole. Do not break, crush, or chew it.
- Oral liquid: Shake for at least 15 seconds just before each use. The liquid has small beads floating in it. Do not chew the beads when you drink the liquid. Measure the oral liquid medicine with a marked measuring spoon, oral syringe, or medicine cup.
- Drink extra fluids so you will pass more urine while you are using this medicine. This will keep your kidneys working well and help prevent kidney problems.
- Take all of the medicine in your prescription to clear up your infection, even if you feel better after the first few doses.
- This medicine should come with a Medication Guide. Ask your pharmacist for a copy if you do not have one.
- Missed dose:If you miss a dose or forget to use your medicine, use it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.
- Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Throw away any leftover liquid medicine after 14 days.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
- Do not use this medicine together with tizanidine.
- Some medicines and foods can affect how ciprofloxacin works. Tell your doctor if you are using theophylline or a steroid medicine (such as hydrocortisone, methylprednisolone, prednisone).
- Tell your doctor if you are using clozapine, cyclosporine, duloxetine, lidocaine, methotrexate, olanzapine, pentoxifylline, phenytoin, probenecid, ropinirole, sildenafil, a blood thinner (such as warfarin), a diabetes medicine (such as glyburide), medicine for depression, medicine for mental illness, other medicine to treat an infection, NSAID pain medicine (such as aspirin, diclofenac, ibuprofen, naproxen, celecoxib), or medicine for heart rhythm problems (such as quinidine, procainamide, amiodarone, sotalol).
- Some minerals and medicines can keep your body from absorbing this medicine. You may need to take ciprofloxacin at least 2 hours before or 6 hours after you take these medicines. These include magnesium, aluminum, calcium, zinc, iron, lanthanum, sevelamer, sucralfate, and didanosine. Ask your pharmacist for more information.
- This medicine slows the digestion of caffeine, so it might affect you for longer than normal.
Warnings While Using This Medicine
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you have kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, heart disease, myasthenia gravis, or a history of heart rhythm problems (such as prolonged QT interval), seizures, or stroke. Tell your doctor if you have ever had tendon or joint problems, including rheumatoid arthritis, or if you have received a transplant.
- This medicine may cause the following problems:
- Tendinitis and tendon rupture (may happen after treatment ends)
- Liver damage
- Nerve damage in the arms or legs
- Severe diarrhea
- Heart rhythm changes
- This medicine may make you dizzy, drowsy, or lightheaded. Do not drive or do anything that could be dangerous until you know how this medicine affects you.
- Ask your doctor before you take any medicine to stop severe diarrhea.
- This medicine may make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. Wear sunscreen. Do not use sunlamps or tanning beds.
- Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse.
- Keep all medicine out of the reach of children. Never share your medicine with anyone.
Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
- Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing
- Blistering, peeling, or red skin rash
- Diarrhea that may contain blood
- Fainting, dizziness, or lightheadedness
- Fast, slow, or uneven heartbeat
- Numbness, tingling, weakness, or burning pain in your hands, arms, legs, or feet
- Pain, stiffness, swelling, or bruises around your ankle, leg, shoulder, or other joint
- Seizures, severe headache, unusual thoughts or behaviors, trouble sleeping, confusion
- Unusual bleeding, bruising, or weakness
- Yellow skin or eyes