When Emily's Backpack Weighs More Than She Does
Backpacks are used for more than carrying just books and lunches. Today, your child may need to carry a laptop computer, gym clothes, and school supplies. All these extras add up in weight and may make their backpack too heavy for them to carry.
Many backpacks that appeal to children are ill-designed for the how much they need to carry. They may look pleasing, but they may not have the proper padding and support to keep them from developing chronic back problems.
Having Chronic Back Pain
According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), the extra weight in backpacks can lead to medical problems, especially muscle fatigue and strain. Backpacks can also cause injury if the weight of its contents adds up to more than 15% of their body weight.
In a study of children in middle school, researchers found that 37% reported back pain. A third of the students said that the pain limited them from doing some activities. Researchers also found that two factors were associated with less back pain—school locker availability and using a lighter backpack.
Lightening the Load
Follow these tips to help lighten your child's load:
- Use both of the backpack's straps. Make sure the straps are firmly tightened.
- Tighten the straps so the top is just below the base of the head and 2 inches above your waist. When packs are carried low on the back, near the buttocks, it weighs down the spine.
- Use correct lifting techniques. Bend with both knees when picking up a heavy back pack.
- Place the heaviest items close to your back.
- Neatly pack your backpack, and try to keep items in place.
- Try to make frequent trips to your locker between classes to replace books.
- A backpack's weight should not exceed 15% of your child's body weight, and even less for a young child.
- Select a backpack with padded, wide straps and a padded back.
- Use a hip strap for heavier weights.
- If your child's school allows them, consider purchasing a backpack with wheels or a pack with an internal frame.
- Consider purchasing a second set of books for home.
- Buy the smallest backpack possible.
- Clean out your young child's backpack once a week.
- Talk to your child's teacher about sending home only what is absolutely necessary.
Many school districts have textbooks available online. Contact your school district to find out what their policies are. Carrying a mobile device in place of textbooks will certainly go along way in reducing the weight of your child's backpack.
- EBSCO Medical Review Board Michael Woods, MD, FAAP
- Reviewed: 09/2017
- Updated: 09/11/2017
Please note, not all procedures included in this resource library are available at Henry Ford Allegiance Health or performed by Henry Ford Allegiance Health physicians.
All EBSCO Publishing proprietary, consumer health and medical information found on this site is accredited by URAC. URAC's Health Web Site Accreditation Program requires compliance with 53 rigorous standards of quality and accountability, verified by independent audits. To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at HLEditorialTeam@ebscohost.com.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.