Chorionic Villi Sampling
Chorionic villi sampling (CVS) is a test in early pregnancy. It is done to look for signs of birth defects. Cells from parts of the placenta are taken. Genetic material from the fetus can be found there.
The test may provide important information. However, there are some risks. You and your doctor should discuss the risks and benefits.
Who Should Have CVS?
Some birth defects may change the course of pregnancy or prenatal care. If you are at higher risk for having a baby with birth defects, you may wish to have this test. Examples of things that may put you at higher risk are:
- Age 35 years old or older when you give birth
- Family history of certain birth defects
- Previous child with a birth defect
- Abnormal results on other genetic screening tests
Understanding the Procedure
CVS is usually done about 10-12 weeks after a woman's last menstrual period. It is done after a pregnancy is confirmed. The procedure may be done in the doctor's office or hospital. The sample can be collected two ways. Through the vagina is a common option. However, that may not be possible if there are problems in the cervix, bleeding, or a sexually passed infection. In this case, CVS may be done through the belly.
An ultrasound exam will be done to see the position of the placenta. It will also help guide the doctor during the test. Results may take up to 2 weeks.
For a vaginal procedure, a tube will be passed through the vagina into the cervix. The tube will be passed to the placenta where a sample will be removed.
For procedure through the belly, a needle will be used. The needle will be passed through the belly into the uterus and placenta. A small sample will be drawn out through the needle.
Results may take up to 2 weeks.
Risks of Having CVS
There are some risks to consider before taking this test. The use of the needle or the tube may lead to an infection. Women who have CVS also have a slightly higher risk of miscarriage . It can also cause some cramping or bleeding.
If you have a higher risk of birth defect, or you have other concerns about prenatal testing, talk to your doctor.
CVS cannot detect a certain type of defect called open neural tube defects. If you have CVS, you will want to consider having a blood alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) test later in your pregnancy. This can show presence of neural tube defects.
- Monica Zangwill, MD, MPH
- Reviewed: 08/2018
- Updated: 09/13/2018
Please note, not all procedures included in this resource library are available at Henry Ford Allegiance Health or performed by Henry Ford Allegiance Health physicians.
All EBSCO Publishing proprietary, consumer health and medical information found on this site is accredited by URAC. URAC's Health Web Site Accreditation Program requires compliance with 53 rigorous standards of quality and accountability, verified by independent audits. To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at HLEditorialTeam@ebscohost.com.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.